The Holy Spirit is God, and shares all the attributes of God. He is the 3rd – but equal – person of the Godhead, the Holy Trinity. The Holy Spirit is a person who has had a role in our lives from the beginning of time. His works can be seen from Genesis to Revelation; in acts of creation, inspiration, regeneration, justification, sanctification, adoption. He fills, moves, gifts, comforts, enlightens, and teaches us. The Holy Spirit has been mentioned by various names over 400 times in the bible. The importance he plays in our life and salvation cannot be emphasized enough, and yet he is the least understood of the Trinity. When laying out a doctrinal thesis of the Holy Spirit you should at a minimum discuss his deity, his role in salvation, and his personhood.

His Deity:

The Holy Spirit is fully and indivisibly God as much as Jesus is God. We can see this throughout scripture; from his works in creation to his empowering of believers. In both the Old and New Testament, the Holy Spirit is seen in virtually every major event that has taken place. Passages that clearly demonstrates his deity are:

He is Called God: “But Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back for yourself part of the proceeds of the land? 4 While it remained unsold, did it not remain your own? And after it was sold, was it not at your disposal? Why is it that you have contrived this deed in your heart? You have not lied to man but to God. (Acts 5:3-4)”

He is Equated with God: “May the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all (2 Corinthians 13:14)”; “who have been chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through the sanctifying work of the Spirit, to be obedient to Jesus Christ and sprinkled with his blood: Grace and peace be yours in abundance. (1 Peter 1:2)”

He is Equated with Jesus: “And they went through the region of Phrygia and Galatia, having been forbidden by the Holy Spirit to speak the word in Asia. And when they had come up to Mysia, they attempted to go into Bithynia, but the Spirit of Jesus did not allow them. (Acts 16:6-7)”

He Gives Spiritual Gifts: “All these are empowered by one and the same Spirit, who apportions to each one individually as he wills. (1 Corinthians 12:11)”

He has a Part in Creation: “The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters. (Genesis 1:2)”; “When you send forth your Spirit, they are created, and you renew the face of the ground. (Psalm 104:30)”

He is in the Godhead: Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, (Matthew 28:19)”

He is Eternal: “How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God! (Hebrews 9:14)”

He is Omnipresent: “Where shall I go from your Spirit? Or where shall I flee from your presence? If I ascend to heaven, you are there! If I make my bed in Sheol, you are there! (Psalm 139:7-8)”

He is Omnipotent: “And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Spirit shall come upon you, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow you: therefore, also that holy thing which shall be born of you shall be called the Son of God. (Luke 1:35)”

He is Omniscient: “these things God has revealed to us through the Spirit. For, the Spirit searches everything, even the depths of God. (1 Corinthians 2:10)”; “But God has

His Personhood:

The Holy Spirit is equally a person, not just a spiritual force or a presence. He has all the same personable traits as a person, and interacts in personable ways. The Holy Spirit has existed eternally in an intimate and equal relationship with God the Father and Jesus Christ the Son. Passages that evidence his personhood are:

He is referenced as a person: The pronouns used in reference to the Holy Spirit is “He,” never “It.” For example, “And he who searches hearts knows what is the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes for the saints according to the will of God. (Romans 8:27)”; ”All these are empowered by one and the same Spirit, who apportions to each one individually as he wills. (1 Corinthians 12:11)”

He Speaks to Us: “And the Spirit said to Philip, “Go over and join this chariot. (Acts 8:29)”

He makes choices: “It is one and the same Spirit, distributing as he decides to each person, who produces all these things. (1 Corinthians 12:11)”

He can be grieved: And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption. (Ephesians 4:30)”

He Groans: “Likewise, the Spirit helps us in our weakness. For we do not know what to pray for as we ought, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words. (Romans 8:26)”

He Cries: “Because you are his sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, ‘Abba, Father.’ (Galatians 4:6)”

He has a will: “All these are empowered by one and the same Spirit, who apportions to each one individually as he wills. (1 Corinthians 12:11)”

He teaches: “But the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you. (John 14:26)”; “This is what we speak, not in words taught us by human wisdom but in words taught by the Spirit, explaining spiritual realities with Spirit-taught words. (1 Corinthians 2:13)”

He guides: “But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all the truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come. (John 16:13)”

He comforts: “But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you. (John 14:26)”

He Shows us Love: “and hope does not put us to shame, because God’s love has been poured into our hearts through the Holy Spirit who has been given to us. (Romans 5:5)”

He helps Us: “If you love me, you will keep my commandments. And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper, to be with you forever, even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him. You know him, for he dwells with you and will be in you. (John 14:15-17)”

His Role in Salvation:

A thorough study of the Holy Spirit’s role in salvation uncovers immeasurable treasure. Revealing for us not only the heart of God, but the brokenness and restoration of our heart as well. The Holy Spirit is God’s agent for evangelizing and change. He doesn’t just enlighten the sinner and saint, he transforms their very life – truly raising us from the dead and giving us new life. He is the ultimate father. He guides, protects, corrects, encourages, teaches, and comforts us as we would expect or desire any other father to do. The Holy Spirit is not only personable, but he is personably invested in each and every believer. These passages on scratch the surface of all he has done and continues to do in regards to our salvation. His role is seen:

In Conviction of Sin: “When he comes, he will convict the world of its sin, and of God’s righteousness, and of the coming judgment. (John 16:8)

In Salvation: “In him you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit, who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it, to the praise of his glory. (Ephesians 1:13-14)”; “You, however, are controlled not by the sinful nature but by the Spirit, if the Spirit of God lives in you. And if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Christ. (Romans 8:9)”

In Confessing Jesus: “You know that when you were pagans you were led astray to mute idols; however, you were led. Therefore, I want you to understand that no one speaking in the Spirit of God ever says ‘Jesus is accursed!’ and no one can say ‘Jesus is Lord’ except in the Holy Spirit. (1 Corinthians 12:2-3)”

In Baptism: “For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—Jews or Greeks, slaves or free—and all were made to drink of one Spirit. (1 Corinthians 12:13)”

In Regeneration: “And I will give you a new heart, and a new spirit I will put within you. And I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes and be careful to obey my rules. (Ezekiel 36:26-27)”; “he saved us, not because of works done by us in righteousness, but according to his own mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit, (Titus 3:5)”

In Sanctification: “to be a minister of Christ Jesus to the Gentiles in the priestly service of the gospel of God, so that the offering of the Gentiles may be acceptable, sanctified by the Holy Spirit. (Romans 5:6)”; “according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in the sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ and for sprinkling with his blood: (1 Peter 1:2)”

In Justification: “And such were some of you. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and by the Spirit of our God. (1 Corinthians 6:11)”

In Adoption: “For you did not receive a spirit of slavery to fall back into fear, but you received the Spirit of adoption, by whom we cry out, ‘Abba, Father!’ The Spirit Himself testifies together with our spirit that we are God’s children (Romans 8:15-16)”; “God sent His Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to redeem those under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons. And because you are sons, God has sent the Spirit of His Son into our hearts, crying, ‘Abba, Father!’ So, you are no longer a slave, but a son; and if a son, then an heir through God (Galatians 4:4-7)”

In God’s Revealed Word: “It was revealed to them that they were serving not themselves but you, in the things that have now been announced to you through those who preached the good news to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven, things into which angels long to look. (1 Peter 1:12)”

In Prophecy: “When they came to Gibeah, behold, a group of prophets met him, and the Spirit of God rushed upon him, and he prophesied among them. (1 Samuel 10:10)”

In Producing Fruit in our Life: “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, forbearance, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness and self-control. Against such things there is no law. (Galatians 5:22-23)”

His Names:

There are more names for the Holy Spirit, both in the New and Old Testament, than can be sited in this small work. Instead, I will list a small sampling of them here: The Holy Spirit, The Spirit of God, the Spirit of our Lord, the Spirit of Christ, the Spirit of his Son, the Spirit of Fire, a Spirit of Judgment, the Spirit of Holiness, the Spirit of Life, the Spirit of Wisdom, the Spirit of Power, the Spirit of the Fear of the Lord, the Oil of Joy, the Comforter, the Helper, and the Counselor.