Who is Jesus: Jesus, the Christ, only begotten of the Father, the image of the invisible God and an exact reflection of his Glory. That is, he is God – the second person of the Trinity – who took upon himself the very nature of man, born of virgin birth; crucified on the cross for our sins; reconciling all mankind to God; raised from the dead in bodily form; ascended into heaven in bodily form; mediating and interceding as prophet, priest, and king; and seated upon the throne of God exalted above all creation. That’s a mouth full and it still didn’t even begin to scratch the surface on who Jesus was. However, when laying out a doctrine of Christ, at a minimum we must consider his Deity; his Authority; His work in creation; and his virgin birth.

His Deity:

The bible establishes in numerous locations the deity of Christ: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. (John 1:1)”; “Theirs are the patriarchs, and from them is traced the human ancestry of the Messiah, who is God over all, forever praised! Amen. (Romans 9:5)”; “Who, being in very nature God, did not consider equality with God something to be used to his own advantage (Philippians 2:6)”; “while we wait for the blessed hope–the appearing of the glory of our great God and Savior, Jesus Christ, (Titus 2:13)”; “But about the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever; a scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kingdom. (Hebrews 1:8)”; “But about the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever; a scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kingdom. (John 5:20)”

He is given names attributed to God: “Now all this is come to pass, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord through the prophet, saying, Behold, the virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Immanuel; which is, being interpreted, God with us. (Matthew 1:22-23)”; “But about the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever; a scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kingdom. (Hebrews 1:8)”

He is described with the character of God:

He is Eternal: “The Son is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. (Colossians 1:15)”; “He is before all things, and in him all things hold together. (Colossians 1:17)”; “That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked at and our hands have touched–this we proclaim concerning the Word of life. (1 John 1:1)”; “’I am the Alpha and the Omega,’ says the Lord God, ‘who is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty.’ (Revelation 1:8)”

He is Omnipresent: “For where two or three gather in my name, there am I with them. (Matthew 18:20)”; “Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age. (Matthew 28:18-20)”

He is Omniscient: “But Jesus would not entrust himself to them, for he knew all people. He did not need any testimony about mankind, for he knew what was in each person. (John 2:24-25)”; “Now we can see that you know all things and that you do not even need to have anyone ask you questions. This makes us believe that you came from God. (John 16:30)”; “The third time he said to him, ‘Simon son of John, do you love me?’ Peter was hurt because Jesus asked him the third time, ‘Do you love me?’ He said, ‘Lord, you know all things; you know that I love you.’ Jesus said, ‘Feed my sheep.’ (John 21:17)”; “I will strike her children dead. Then all the churches will know that I am he who searches hearts and minds, and I will repay each of you according to your deeds. (Revelation 2:23)”

He is Omnipotent: “who, by the power that enables him to bring everything under his control, will transform our lowly bodies so that they will be like his glorious body. (Philippians 3:21)”; “I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “who is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty. (Revelation 1:8)”

His authority:

Jesus has been given “all authority in heaven and on earth (Matthew 28:19).” This includes

His authority to forgive sins: “But I want you to know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins.” So he said to the paralyzed man, ‘Get up, take your mat and go home.’ Then the man got up and went home. (Matthew 96-7)”; “Then Jesus said to her, ‘Your sins are forgiven.’ (Luke 7:48)”

His authority over creation: “He got up, rebuked the wind and said to the waves, “Quiet! Be still!” Then the wind died down and it was completely calm. He said to his disciples, ‘Why are you so afraid? Do you still have no faith?’ They were terrified and asked each other, ‘Who is this? Even the wind and the waves obey him!’ (Mark 4:39-41)”; “Immediately Jesus reached out his hand and caught him. ‘You of little faith,’ he said, ‘why did you doubt?’ And when they climbed into the boat, the wind died down. Then those who were in the boat worshiped him, saying, ‘Truly you are the Son of God.’ (Matthew 14:33)”; “Seeing a fig tree by the road, he went up to it but found nothing on it except leaves. Then he said to it, ‘May you never bear fruit again!’ Immediately the tree withered. (Matthew 21:19)”

His authority over life and death: “When Jesus entered the synagogue leader’s house and saw the noisy crowd and people playing pipes, he said, ‘Go away. The girl is not dead but asleep.’ But they laughed at him. After the crowd had been put outside, he went in and took the girl by the hand, and she got up. (Matthew 22-24)”; “When he had said this, Jesus called in a loud voice, ‘Lazarus, come out!’ The dead man came out, his hands and feet wrapped with strips of linen, and a cloth around his face. Jesus said to them, ‘Take off the grave clothes and let him go.’ (John 11:43-44)”; “And when the Lord saw her, he had compassion on her and said to her, ‘Do not weep.’ Then he came up and touched the bier, and the bearers stood still. And he said, ‘Young man, I say to you, arise.’ And the dead man sat up and began to speak, and Jesus gave him to his mother. (Luke 7:13-15)”

His work in creation:

Jesus was not only before the foundation of the earth, but he is described as being the source and sustainer of everything created: “Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made. (John 1:3)”; “For in him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things have been created through him and for him. He is before all things, and in him all things hold together. (Colossians 1:16-17)”; “but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, and through whom also he made the universe. (Hebrews 1:2)”

His virgin birth:

Mary was conceived through the Holy Spirit: “The angel answered, ‘The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God.’ (Luke 1:35)”

With no intervention from a human father: “This is how the birth of Jesus the Messiah came about: His mother Mary was pledged to be married to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be pregnant through the Holy Spirit. (Matthew 1:18)”

By the will of God alone: “Since the children have flesh and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by his death he might break the power of him who holds the power of death–that is, the devil—(Hebrews 2:14)”; “rather, he made himself nothing by taking the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness. (Philippians 2:7)”